Metabolic Surgery Of Diabetes Mellitus
Type 2 diabetes is the most common metabolic disease.
Causes of diabetes:
Diabetes occurs as a consequence of irregulation of blood glucose due to the Insulin deficiency in the body or produced insulin not being answered by the organs.
What is the treatment of diabetes ?
Diabetes (diabetes mellitus) is a disease that drug treatment is not enough for fully recover and it creates fatal damage to vital organs in the body and disturbs the quality of life.
The treatment of diabetes usually begins with a suitable diet and regular exercise and it continues with diabetes medication and insulin. This treatment can partly reduce the occurance of blindness,renal failure, heart attack, stroke, and paralysis . However, these problems can not be prevented in long-term and classical treatment does not provide an effective solution to the diabetes .
What is the Surgical treatment of diabetes?
Metabolic surgery prove its safety and efficiency for many years as a solution of these issues caused by diabetes. Metabolic surgery is an effective and permanent solution for diabetes treatment.
The Studies reveals that metabolic surgery decreases insulin resistance and increases insulın release by means of gastrointestinal hormons (GİP;PYY) without weight loss .The patients who are undergoing metabolic surgery entered diabetes remission before weight loss. This situation has demonstrated the applicability of metabolıc surgery on normal weight or slightly overweight diabetes patients..
Metabolic surgery is much more effective than all the drugs and insulin therapy to control diabetes.
Today, the term Metabolic Surgery is used to describe weight loss treatments and procedures to treat metabolic diseases, especially, type 2 diabetes. Gastric Bypass and Bilio-pancreatic diversion have resulted in control/ cure of diabetes. This surgery can only be performed in obese patients with BMI > 35.